To show their gratitude, they may send flowers, gifts or invitations to special events such as graduations or weddings. His parents have recently divorced and share custody of James. They must be appropriately trained to understand how factors such as race, cultural beliefs, gender identity, disability and national origin influence a client's needs and desired treatment goals. They must have integrity and an ethical core to recognize when they should make a referral because their knowledge in an area is insufficient and may cause harm. The role involves some travel and this was made very clear to Robert when he accepted the position. Further detail of this arrives from Neukrug et al. As a counsellor you are required to see your clients at their own home to offer counselling support. Please consider these two scenarios for a moment. At their initial visits, clients must receive detailed information about their ethical and legal rights to confidentiality and data privacy. Kobe informs you that he has been in recovery for […], Robert has been referred to you for counselling. • Kitchener K. S. and Anderson S.K. Two ethical dilemmas will also be … School counselors must always be aware of ethical standards in their work. These reasons include inappropriate sexual behavior, improper treatment, violation of confidentiality, and wrong diagnosis. Scenario 1. He said that he came to see you after his wife asked him, because she said he was “suffocating” her when anxiety is a major feature in his life. underlying ethical principles of counseling (beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, fidelity, fairness, and privacy) as well as the use of the ACA Code of Ethics. Mental health counselors face ethical issues in honestly assessing their level of skill and competency. If a mental health counselor is experiencing emotional problems due to a pending divorce, chemical use relapse or severe depression, there is an ethical obligation to seek consultation. Ethical issues in a counseling practice lay the foundation of a therapist in practice. You have been working for quite some time with Lucy, a single mother with 2 kids (boys). Late night phone calls to the counselor’s home can occur when the client is inebriated, having a panic attack or just wants to talk. Mental health counselors must establish and maintain appropriate professional boundaries and define the relationships as such. However, there may also be gray areas in which counselors face ethical dilemmas about breaching confidentiality when such statements are implied or thinly veiled. (2011) Foundations of Ethical Practice, Research, and Teaching in Psychology and Counselling 2nd Ed Routledge Hove • West W (2002) Some Ethical Dilemmas in Counselling and Counselling research. Other dual relationships may be acceptable. Currently she is a dean of students at a large, public university. Such dilemmas may be common when practicing in a small town where few therapists are available. Clients often feel closely connected to their counselors and may consider them friends. Dilemmas like this demonstrate the many kinds of ethical crossroads you may face when counseling clients. Instead of being able to rely on external standards, people have to rely on their morals and values to navigate such situations. A counsellor should not accept a new client that is a close friend or family member of a current client. Ethical standards and sexual exploitation laws in many states strictly prohibit intimate dating relationships between a therapist and a client because of the power differential. Step 1: Define the Situation Clearly At this point, the counselor has realized that there is a potential ethical … But you can rely on the basic tenets of your organization’s ethical guidelines to get you through most encounters. On your second day […], You have been working as a gambling addictions counsellor for Relationships Australia for the past 5 years. We'll keep your information private and never sell, rent, trade, or share it with any other organisation! Ethical Practice This CPD course is intended to support members in understanding and using the NCS Code of Ethical Practice (published January 2018). Practitioner’s Guide to Ethical Decision Making | 1 American Counseling Association The Center for Counseling Practice, Policy, and Research Introduction Counselors are often faced with situations that require sound ethical decision-making ability. He has recently started a new role as an executive for a large international company. Robert has a fear of flying but really wanted to work for the company […], Mark, 36 years of age, is directed to counselling by his doctor after Mark decides he wants to transition from male to female, undergo sex reassignment surgery, and change his name to Sonia. A crucial feature of an ethical dilemma is that the person faced with it should do both the conflicting acts, based on a strong ethical compass, but cannot; he may only choose one. The second part will examine boundaries implemented by counsellors to … Ethical dilemmas occur all too frequently in everyday life. The ethical dilemma is whether the practitioner should or must disclose confidential information arising from counselling sessions with the client. Each principle is described below and is followed by examples of good practice that have been developed in response to that principle. One evening at a regular meeting you run into a previous client, Kobe. Due to the trust in place between client and practitioner, as well as the vulnerability of those seeking therapy, extra care has to be taken to … For instance, the UK the General Medical Council the ethical body for doctors, states: “You should inform the police quickly whenever a person arrives with a gunshot wound or an injury from an attack with a knife, blade or other sharp instrument” Ethical principles depend on the situation in which a person encounters and varies from one individual to another. Or case studies to illustrate the ethical dilemmas encountered in working within the area of multi-cultural/ cross cultural/trans-cultural counseling. A dual relationship is when there is another role in addition to the counselling relationship. This model will inform the body of this paper to guide the reader in a practical way through this ethical dilemma. Research carried out by Austin et al. At first, he said it was because “I didn’t... 2. Today we’ll explore some more common situations faced by social workers in practice.
examples of ethical dilemmas in counselling practice