The wood of the cucumbertree is similar to that of its cousin, the tulip poplar, and is frequently sold as such. Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. There are also a few small populations southeastern United States and in Canada. (1983), but specimens are unknown. Also covers donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Magnolia acuminata - Fruit. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within More About Magnolia acuminata Pyramidal when young, matures with a straight trunk and a rounded crown Greenish-yellow flowers bloom high in the tree Cylindrical bunches of seeds, (cucumbers) are green in late summer, ripening red, drying brown It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The trunk and fl ow- ers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) – This is a very large native tree (50 to 70 feet tall, 40 to 60 feet wide). The specifi c epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree’s pointed leaf tips. The leaves yield a green, volatile oil with a more pleasant odour than fennel or anise. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. These are crosses that involve the smaller, shrubby form of M. acuminata var. Physical Characteristics Magnolia Acuminata is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. This is because the three-inch long flowers are yellow-green in hue and tend to blend in with the trees foliage. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. M. tripetala, Umbrella Tree or Umbrella Magnolia. It is in flower from May to July. ... (5-7.5 cm long), borne solitary, not very showy. Magnolia acuminata Figure 1. long (5-10 cm), open with the emerging leaves on mature trees (at least 12 years old). Leaves are alternate, simple, and dark green. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. the state. Magnolia acuminata FRUIT: Pink (Pinkish-red) SPECIAL CHARACTERISTICS: Pa Native Plant: Find Other Plants Like This: Magnolia> Other Magnolia: Find More: Location Map for Magnolia acuminata. Non-native: introduced The stems are also more hairy than the species. Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) The Cucumber Magnolia, also known as Cucumber Tree Magnolia, is found as scattered specimens within Appalachian forests from western Pennsylvania to New York. Magnolias were among the first flowering plants to appear on earth. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Buds have silky, pale green hairs. It is a deciduous magnolia and medium in size with a height range between 50 and 80 feet and mature diameters between 2 to 3 feet. For other trees with the shared common name cucumber tree, see Cucumber tree. To reuse an The seeds of the Cucumbertree Magnolia are eaten by several species of birds and small mammals. The ripe fruit is a striking reddish orange color. Cultivars of cucumbertree have been selected for some time, but have failed to become important in the nursery industry. The Go Botany project is supported Its 6-12 inch long (0.3 m) leaves are scattered along the branches, and its large, white flowers have a pleasant fragrance. Their range once included many parts of Europe, Canada, Siberia and Greenland. Grackles and blackbirds will eat the young fruit. Twigs, leaves, and buds are sometimes browsed by deer. state. Cucumber tree magnolias (Magnolia acuminata) are hardy varietals grown more for their foliage rather than their blooms. There are typically 10-60 fruits per compound fruit, although many fruits may fail to develop. All rights reserved. These trees are stately as adults, especially when the lower limbs have been pruned to prevent them from dragging. Take a photo and It remains to be seen how important these become in the trade. populations both exist in a county, only native status Magnolia acuminata, commonly called the cucumber tree (often spelled as a single word " cucumbertree "), cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. cordata (Michx.) These numerous crosses have produced winter hardy, large, yellow-flowered magnolias. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. In late spring to early summer, tulip-shaped, slightly fragrant, yellowish-green flowers, 2-4 in. Selected cultivars include: The hybrids of cucumbertree have proved more important commercially. Flower: Species is monoecious; 2 1/2 to 3 inches long, high in the tree, green to greenish-yellow, appearing in late spring or early summer. This is a deciduous magnolia that produces 2-4 inch slightly-fragrant, greenish-yellow, tulip-like flowers at the twig tips in late spring, but is named for the green, warty, cucumber-shaped fruits that follow the flowers. CT, MA; also reported from 1). Magnolia acuminata Family: Magnoliaceae Cucumber Tree, Cucumber Magnolia Origin: North America. Magnolia acuminata - Bud. Magnolia acuminata - Habit. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. The unripe fruits look like cucumbers, hence the name. Cucumbertree1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION One of the fastest-growing Magnolias, Cucumbertree is pyramidal when young but becomes broad, oval or rounded with age, ultimately reaching 60 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 60 feet (Fig. The stems are also more hairy than the species. Site design : Academic Web Pages, 'Urbana,' 'Large Yellow' and 'Miss Honeybee. They are very attractive and appear to bloom more reliably than saucer magnolia (M. x soulangiana) in areas with early springs and late frosts. (Wetland indicator code: Scale insects can attack occasionally. Salem, Oregon: Bush Prairie Park, in garden east of Bush House. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Magnolia, Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata) supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave's Garden. This site was last updated on December 4, 2020. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Introduction One of the fastest-growing Magnolias, Cucumbertree is pyramidal when young but becomes broad, oval or rounded with age, ultimately reaching 60 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 60 feet. The name Cucumber Tree refers to the unripe fruit, which is green and often shaped like a small cucumber. Show Each fruit consists of a follicle that splits open along one side to release 1 or 2 seeds. State documented: documented Early Americans flavored whiskey with the bitter, immature fruit, which was used medicinally for fevers. Small There is probably also a bitter glucosidal principle. Botanical History. cucumbertree Magnoliaceae Magnolia acuminata (L.) L. symbol: MAAC Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical or ovate, 6 to 10 inches long, pinnately veined, entire margin, acuminate tip, dark green above and paler, whitened below. The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. subcordata - Called "Yellow Cucumbertree", this smaller variant of M. acuminata features more glossy leaves with pubescence on the undersides. Magnolia acuminata - Buds. to exist in the county by It has small, inconspicuous flowers, light green leaves (6 to 10 inches long) and unusual cucumber-shaped fruit, which turns from a bright green to red in autumn. 1.  The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. you. Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol (1638-1715), professor of botany at Montpellier. Leaves may scorch during summer in dry sites. For details, please check with your state. This genus is now limited to eastern Asia, eastern North America and the Himalayas. M. virginiana L. var. The most exciting hybrids are from M. acuminata and M. denudata. a sighting. Middle-aged Cucumbertree. Similar plants: in 20 years). All Characteristics, the underside of the leaf has hairs on it, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade is elliptic (widest near the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is oblong (rectangular but with rounded ends). The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. The fruit is similar to that of Magnolia acuminata, but larger. Magnolia acuminata - Flowers. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, Cucumbertree Magnolia - Magnolia acuminataMagnolia Family (Magnoliaceae). unintentionally); has become naturalized. Updated October 24, 2019 Cucumbertree (Magnolia acuminata) is the most widespread and hardiest of the eight native magnolia species in the United States, and the only magnolia native to Canada. ; is shown on the map. —This tree was discovered by Mark Catesby [ Note § page 30.] FACU). They have been selected for shape and yellow flower color. The trunk and flowers of cucumbertree show its relationship to tulip poplar (Liriodendron), but the fruits are typical of the magnolia family. Cucumbertree – Magnolia acuminata Growing to 30 meters, cucumbertree is the most widespread of the eight species native to the U.S. and the only magnolia native to Canada. Ser. Copyright: various copyright holders. On the east coast of North America it is a common forest tree. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. This tall magnolia makes a fine specimen and shade tree; thus, many cultivars have been bred. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). The hardiest of all magnolias, Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) is a magnificent, deciduous tree with a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown. T. cordatum (Michx.) The specific epithet, acuminata, refers to the cucumbertree's pointed leaf tips. (L.) Latin name: Magnolia acuminata Family: Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family) Medicinal use of Cucumber Tree: A tea made from the bark is antiperiodic, aromatic, mildly diaphoretic, laxative, stimulant, tonic. The bark is patched with lichen, and the fruits resemble those of the cucumbertree, although most are still white with immaturity. An Equal Opportunity University. When Magnolia acuminata has been observed flowering at Longwood Gardens : AVE. 2018: 2017: 2016: 2015: 2014: 2013: 2012: 2011: 2009 ^Top of Page. Found this plant? Magnolia acuminata (Cucumber Tree) The name cucumber tree originates from the fruit cones which are green when young and which, with some strech of the imagination, might be then linked to gherkin cucumbers. 2020 Shortly thereafter, English naturalist John Bartram sent cucumbertree seeds to England, which started a new rage. L. E. cucumber-tree. These include M. liliiflora, M. sprengeri and M. x soulangiana. Young bark is relatively smooth gray, changing to ridged and furrowed with flat gray ridges and relatively narrow vertical fissures. Virginia botanist John Clayton introduced the cucumbertree into cultivation in 1736. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. Cultivars of M. acuminata x M. denudata include: ‘Butterflies,' ‘Elizabeth,' ‘Goldfinch' and ‘Sundance.'. During late summer or autumn, these fruits become mature and release their seeds. post County documented: documented Note: when native and non-native '. We depend on Botanist Francois Michaux subsequently came to North America to collect enough seed to satisfy the growing European demand for this hardy new magnolia species. • Magnolia acuminata - Bark. Magnolia acuminata L. var. Hybrids have also been made from M. acuminata and other magnolia species. The bark and seed cones are bitter and aromatic, used as tonics, and in similar ways to M. acuminata. about 1712, … ME by Richards et al. in part by the National Science Foundation. Cucumber tree is more common in southern New England than in northern areas. Discover thousands of New England plants. var. Magnolia acuminata, or Cucumber tree, is a handsome tree with a rounded, outline and massive wide-spreading branches at maturity. The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. (intentionally or The immature green fruit resembles a cucumber and leads to the common name. Can you please help us? subcordata. However, its thin bark makes it vulnerable to injury. Your help is appreciated. Tulipastrum acuminatum (L.) Small; Exact status definitions can vary from state to Also covers those considered historical (not seen WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. acuminata L.; The wood is used for boxes, crates, furniture, doors and Venetian blinds. The name Magnolia is in honor of 18th century French botanist Pierre Magnol who established the renowned Montpellier Botanical Garden. Very few disease and insect problems. It has historically been used as a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Thickets and forest edges near areas of human habitation. description: The Gurkenmagnolie is one of the largest and most robust magnolia species. Magnolia acuminata - Fruit. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, shrublands or thickets, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. Magnolia acuminata, commonly known as cucumber tree, is native to eastern North America, reaching its largest size in the southern Appalachian Mountains. The leaves have nice yellow-gold fall color. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. All images and text © Magnolia acuminata Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Portland, OR, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Arnold Arboretum - … acuminata : a long point, the leaves.
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